What you need to know about the prevention, avoidance, and treatment of the dreaded winter virus in Prague
Flu is typically transmitted via the coughs and sneezes of a person already infected with the virus, but can also be passed on by contact with other bodily fluids.
What are the symptoms?
Common symptoms include:
• Sore throats
• Aching muscles
How long does flu last?
Normally flu lasts for around a week, although feelings of weakness or a cough can linger on for some time afterwards.
How serious is it?
Although very unpleasant, and a more serious illness than the common cold, flu isn't dangerous for most of the population.
For some at-risk groups, however, flu can lead to serious medical conditions, develop into pneumonia and even cause death.
Who's most at risk from flu?
The very young, the old, and people with certain medical conditions are most at risk. These include lung diseases (asthma, for instance), diabetes, cancer, kidney or heart problems.
What can I do to avoid flu?
Vaccination is the only proven way of significantly reducing your exposure to flu. (See below for more details.)
There are sensible measures you can take, however, to raise your overall level of health and strengthen your immune system:
• Get plenty of rest
• Eat healthily
• Exercise regularly
• Don't smoke
• Avoid people who are coughing and sneezing
(Avoiding crowds altogether could be helpful but, in a city of 1.2 million people, isn't really all that practical...)
How long does flu remain contagious?
Someone with flu is normally contagious one day before the symptoms develop, and remains infectious up to seven days after becoming ill.
Do flu vaccinations really work?
Because strains of influenza change and develop, flu vaccinations aren't infallible but they'll prevent you catching most strains of flu.
A flu shot won't, however, prevent you catching colds or other non-flu viruses.
How do flu vaccinations work?
Usually, the vaccine contains various strains of dead flu virus. This fools your body into producing the antibodies needed to fight off the illness before you actually catch it.
Does that mean that a flu vaccination is actually giving me the flu?
No. Vaccinations contain only dead virus, and won't give you the flu.
How often should I get a flu vaccination?
For those most at risk from the virus (see above), health officials recommend getting a flu vaccination every year.
And for the rest of the population, because strains of influenza change, and new types appear, an annual flu shot is still a good idea.
When should I get a flu vaccination?
Epidemics are most common in the winter, so it makes sense to get a flu shot in the autumn.
How do I get a flu vaccination in Prague?
Simply visit a general practitioner (practický lekář) or vaccination clinic (hygienické stanice) in the autumn. Expect to pay no more than a couple of hundred crowns.
For a list of vaccination clinics in Prague, see the Hygienická stanice hlavního města Prahy website (in Czech).
I have the flu! Help me get better!
For most flu sufferers, the best advice seems to be:
• Get plenty of rest
• Drink plenty of liquids
• Eat what you can
Over-the-counter cold medicines can also provide some relief.
If you're particularly at risk from flu, a doctor should be able to prescribe an antiviral medicine.
Do antibiotics help tackle flu?
Antibiotics have no effect on viruses like flu.
But antibiotics might be needed if you develop complications -- a chest infection, for instance, or pneumonia.
'flu, influenza = chřipky
vaccination = očkování
Video on YouTube
Salon Petra Měchurová's junior stylists are a new generation of talent by Raymond Johnston - Prague.TV
Junior stylists at the world-class salon are already highly experienced professionals
Salon Petra Měchurová has had a run this year! by Salon Petra Měchurová - Prague.TV (Foto: Nikola Šrajerová)
Salon Petra Měchurová receives again a nomination for the prestigious AIPP Awards
Women’s Health 101 by Olena Kagui - Prague.TV
A little guide to woman's healthcare in Prague, Czech Republic
Beer Country Eats, Sleeps, Breathes (and Bathes) Beer by Olena Kagui - Prague.TV
Fall in love with beer beyond your taste buds
Medical Facilities for English-Speakers in Prague by Prague.TV
An at-a-glance guide to some expat-friendly hospitals, clinics, dentists and ob-gyns
Turn your Smile into your Best Accessory by Olena Kagui - Prague.TV
Make sure that when you smile, the world smiles with you
5 ways to relax and stay healthy in Prague by Olena Kagui - Prague.TV (Foto: Lázně na Lodi FB)
Do beer, heat, salt, fish and extreme cold hold the secrets to longevity?
Are You Considering Quitting Smoking? by Canadian Medical Care - Prague.TV
Smoking is comparable to constantly irritating an open wound
Dental Clinic BioDent by Prague.TV
Dental Clinic in Prague
A Basic Guide to Czech Healthcare for English Speakers by Emily Prucha - Prague.TV
How to maximize your experience when you’re sick, injured or need a doctor’s advice
Flexi membership with summer months for free!
... the real luxury is actually waiting for you on your...
Feel the rhythm and party to the biggest hits of the 80’s!
Get discounts on speed dating and meet other singles...
Dentist in Prague 2
One life. Live it well.
Pharmacy - Prague 4 - Chodov
Thai massages in Prague 2