Thyroid Disease Can Cause Long-term Complications

Do Not Underestimate Its Visible Symptoms

More than a third of all women over the age of 50 suffer from thyroid disease and very often come to see a doctor at an advanced stage of the disease. Disorders of the thyroid gland are more frequent in women than men, but it also affected by hereditary factors. Some of the other factors include radiation to the neck as well consumption of certain medication. Poor thyroid function is manifested by under-active function on one hand and excessive function on the other.

Thyroid disorders can be prevented to a certain extent

Disorders of the function and structure of the thyroid gland fall into the medical field of endocrinology. Many other diseases are known to carry accompanying complications of thyroid function even in healthy people who are not actually suffering from thyroid disease itself. A doctor will consider comprehensive clinical findings to determine whether a person suffers from thyroid disease or not.

Thyroid disease can be prevented to an extent. MUDr. Richard Sotorník of Canadian Medical Care states that “thyroid disease caused by iodine deficiency can be prevented effectively. Due to salt iodization of cooking salt in the Czech Republic, the general population is subjected to a sufficient intake of iodine.” Interestingly, an unnecessarily high intake of iodine can actually trigger thyroid disease or make an already present disease even worse.

High amounts of fatigue can be caused by reduced thyroid function

Underactive thyroid function (hypothyroidism) causes a general slowdown of the entire organism. This fact is quite apparent in the advanced stages of the disease. A patient manifests high levels of fatigue, sleepiness, feels cold and suffers from constipation. Yet another symptom may be represented by excessively dry skin. At its early stages, it may not always be possible to notice the changes. However, due to routine examinations of hormones produced by the pituitary gland (THS – thyroid-stimulating hormone), doctors are able to identify the diseases in its early stages prior to the patient noticing the more apparent symptoms.

Hypothyroidism is treated by administering thyroid gland hormones by tablets. Any malignant tumours are treated surgically. In some cases, a patient is prescribed radioactive iodine and a long-term replacement hormone therapy is implemented. When benign tumours are present, these must be monitored by ultrasound examinations and doctors usually utilize thyroid gland hormone therapy.

Hyperactive thyroid gland function causes severe heart palpitations

Hyperactive thyroid gland function (hyperthyroidism) is manifested by excessive sweating, heart palpitations, intolerance to heat, psychological changes including agitation, insomnia, frequent stool, muscle weakness and sometimes, general loss of weight. In some cases, patients suffer from swollen eyelids; their eyes hurt and often protrude from the sockets. In addition to this, double-vision is also a symptom associated with this condition.

Hyperthyroidism has to be treated with the help of specialized medication which inhibits the formation of thyroid hormones. The rest of the treatment depends on the progression and development of the disease. In some cases, the thyroid gland has to be removed entirely or the doctors administer radioactive iodine. All of this of course depends on the progression of the disease as well as other factors at hand.

Structural changes of the thyroid gland

Yet another thyroid disease type is associated by structural changes of the organ. This includes its enlargement or the existence of various lesions (such as benign pseudocysts or nodes). It is very rare to come across cancer during examinations. The thyroid gland can also increase in size. An increase in the size of the gland can be detected by touching and examining the region surrounding the thyroid cartilage of the neck. It can vary in sizes from where it is merely detectable to cases where it is much more apparent.

At Canadian Medical Care, thyroid gland examinations are carried out in four stages:

1. The doctor first conducts an interview with the client, detecting any symptoms frequently associated with thyroid disease.
2. The patient undergoes a clinical examination.
3. The function of the thyroid is confirmed by laboratory results.
4. The doctor uses ultrasonography to assess the size and structure of the thyroid.

If the finding is positive, a biopsy is carried out by using a thin needle to sample thyroid tissue. Canadian Medical Care provides complex endocrinological examinations. For thyroid examinations, it carries out clinical, laboratory and ultrasonography evaluations as well as retrieving samples of suspected thyroid lesions. This way, the formation of malignant tumours can be ruled out.

Where and how to book and examination?

Doctors at Canadian Medical Care strive to allocate sufficient time to each patient to carry out a full examination as well as to provide time for a consultation of the results. The patient is always informed of the diagnosis and future examinations are determined following the patient’s consent. Individual visits are planned in detail and patients do not have to waste their time waiting in waiting rooms. Throughout the entire treatment, patients can use the Client Zone available on their mobile phones to stay on top of their next visit.

To book your visit, please email us on cmc@cmcpraha.cz, use our website to fill in our online booking form or call us on +420 235 360 133.

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