Tips for Trips: Kutná Hora
Kutná Hora, treasury of the Czech Kingdom
The formerly second most important city in Bohemia, Kutná Hora, is situated just one hour driving in south-eastern direction of Prague. The cities importance was based on its rich silver mines, which in the Middle Ages provoked a Silver rush unseen in Europe. The name of the city itself is interesting: following a legend a Cistercian monk named Anton became tired during a walk and lay down to sleep near the church of all saints. In his dream he saw three silver rods growing out of the ground and when he woke he indeed found the rods. To mark the place he put his cowl on the ground and ran back to the monastery to announce his discovery and this is the way the name of the city originates (Kutná - cowl and Hora - mountain).
The St. Barbara church is the ideal starting point in a visit to the city. This glorious Gothic sacral building is representative for Kutná Hora’s claim to be at least as important as Prague. Interestingly enough the church shared a similar destiny as the St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague. The construction work started already in 1388, but because of the Hussite wars among other reasons it finally took till 1905 until the church was finished in Gothic revival style. Originally the church was designed to be double in size, but the constructors ran out of money. Another interesting aspect is that the church was exclusively reserved to those citizens who were active in the mining. All other citizens were denied access.
Walking alongside the Jesuits College (built during the Catholic revival) in direction of the city centre you come to one of my personal highlights. A visit to the medieval Silver museum in the castle (Hrádek) is most interesting. Here the interested visitor can familiarize himself during the offered tours with the very different aspects around mining in the Middle Ages. Begin with the work in the galleries through to the smelting and extraction of the silver as well as the coinage. Already when you have a look at the names of the galleries you realize the great distances the miners had to deal with to work here. For example one of the galleries is named „Denmark“, because the work in the mines was so lucrative that even people from the far North were attracted. Beginning with the year 1300 the coin named Prague Groschen was minted in Kutná Hora, which because of its high Silver content was much appreciated all over Europe and in this sense was an early precursor of today’s Euro.
Before feasting on the local specialities at the main square you should take the time for a detour to the Stone Fountain, which is also witness to the expansive consequences of the Silver mining. Built around the year 1495 it was part of the water supply system of the town. Due to the mining the groundwater level dropped dramatically and moreover it was polluted by the heavy metal used for the silver extraction. The water had to be brought over a distance of 5 km and was originally transported in holed and sealed oak trunks from the vicinity of Bylany to Kutná Hora and then distributed to the other fountains in the city.
An absolute must and, at the same time a creepy and thrilling experience, once you are in Kutná Hora is the visit to the ossuary in the city district of Sedlec. In the course of the secularization during the rule of Emperor Joseph II the family of Schwarzenberg acquired the buildings and estates of the monastery. The family entrusted František Rint with the design of the interior decoration. For this purpose he used the remains of 10,000 people who perished in the 14 ct. and 15 ct. due to plague and the Hussite Wars.
A very pleasant day trip, which absorbs just 5 hours of your day.
More Prague.TV tips for trips:
Tips for Trips:
Tips for Trips: Karlštejn Castle
Tips for Trips: Source of the Vltava in Šumava
Tips for Trips: Hradec Králové
Tips for Trips: Škoda Mladá Boleslav
Tips for Trips: Terezín
Tips for Trips: Brno
Tips for Trips: České Budějovice
Tips for Trips: Plzeň brewery - Plzeňský Prazdroj
Tips for Trips: Třeboň pond system
Tips for Trips: Konopiště Chateau
Video on YouTube
German Bundesliga, English Premier League ... „sold out?“ - no way! by Ross Kennerley - Prague.TV (Foto: RB Leipzig FB)
With Sport Actions & Travel you will never miss a top sports event in Europe
Transportation passes may be expanded to suburbs by Raymond Johnston - Prague.TV
Prague public transportation cards could become valid beyond the city limits
More parking zones planned by Raymond Johnston - Prague.TV (Foto: fotolia)
The areas where people can park for free continue to shrink
Airport train project is finally starting by Raymond Johnston - Prague.TV (Foto: fotolia)
The long-delayed train to the plane is closer to reality
DPP is changing how transit fines are handled by Raymond Johnston - Prague.TV (Foto: fotolia)
The public transit company wants to become a role model for enforcement
Tourist numbers rose in 2016 by Raymond Johnston - Prague.TV (Foto: fotolia)
Prague and the country both saw increases in visitors
Cable car to Prague zoo being studied by Raymond Johnston - Prague.TV (Foto: fotolia)
Several options to link Podbaba and Troja are on the table
Metro D construction may start in 2019 by Raymond Johnston - Prague.TV (Foto: Metroprojekt)
New dates are announced for the fourth subway line
Lítačka can be anonymous by Raymond Johnston - Prague.TV
People will be able to get the public transportation card without giving personal details
Phone service will finally come to the metro by Raymond Johnston - Prague.TV (Foto: fotolia)
A 17-year contract has been signed with mobile operators
Glide through the enchanting streets of Prague on a unique...
Feel the rhythm and party to the biggest hits of the 80’s!
Looking for a memorable experience in Prague?
... the real luxury is actually waiting for you on your...
Authentic local food tours Prague
Maldives - The Sunny Side of Life!
Have fun. Help. Volunteer overseas - Let us organize your...
Prague Sapa tours