Motol Hospital turns 75

The teaching hospital is one of the largest in Europe

Motol University Hospital (Fakultní nemocnice v Motole), the largest in the Czech Republic, celebrates 75 years.

This hospital currently has 2,410 beds. Some 900,000 patients are treated annually as out patients and 70,000 treated per year as in patients.

Today, the hospital has 2,189 beds with 575 for children, 52 operating theaters and employs 5,800 people including 1,200 doctors and 2,000 nurses. It is the major teaching location for students from the Second Faculty of Medicine as well as some students from the First Faculty of Medicine of Charles University. The hospital is the only one in the Czech Republic that performs lung transplants.

“The mission of Motol University Hospital is treating illnesses based on actual medical knowledge and providing complete and high quality specialized care for all stages of human life. The mission is summed up in our motto ‘serving generations.’ Our main plan for the future is to make the hospital the flagship of the Czech health service in general and specialized care,” the hospital states on its website.

Plans for a new hospital first appeared in the latter half of the 1930s, but the German occupation stopped construction. The original plans were by the architects František Čermák and Gustav Paul.

During World War II, the original plans were scaled back and wooden pavilions were built. The hospital began functioning Jan. 4, 1943.

Until the end of 1945, the facilities in Motol functioned as a branch of the Vinohrady Hospital, and after that, it became an independent state hospital for the general public.

In 1948, a lupus institute, currently the pavilion of infectious hepatitis, was connected to the hospital. It was built in 1936 and is the oldest brick building in the complex.

In 1958, a radioisotope department was set up at the then Municipal Hospital in Motol, among other changes.

The hospital began to change drastically in the mid-1960s when the convict labor began building a new pavilion.

The plans for the new building were selected in a competition in 1958 and were designed by Richard Podzemný and Antonín Tenzer. Construction took place between 1964 and 1977.

In January 1971 the Motol Hospital merged with the Faculty Hospital and the Faculty of Pediatric Medicine at Charles University, creating the current Motol University Hospital. At that time, the hospital became one of the largest in Europe.

The Children's Heart Center opened in 1977. A year later the Department of Pediatric Surgery and Children's Oncology were relocated to Motol.

In 1978 Motol opened a children's polyclinic and the country’s first children's eye clinic.

The original wooden buildings, serving adult patients, were replaced with a large concrete building, whose foundation stone was laid in November 1986. This gives the site its current appearance. The blue building was completed at the end of 1996, and the gynecological-obstetric clinic was the first department to move there.

Renovation of the children’s part began a decade later, and a heliport was built.

Access to the hospital improved in April 2015 when the metro line A was extended there. The station Nemocnice Motol, designed by architect Pavel Sýs, is currently the last stop on the line.

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