Czech population passes 10.6 million

Immigration and childbirth both increased in 2017, and the country is aging

The Czech population crossed passed 10.6 million people in 2017. Both immigration and childbirth contributed to the increase. The number of live births and deaths were both higher in 2017, as well as the number of marriages and divorces. The population has continued aging, the Czech Statistical Office (ČSÚ) reported. Figures are irrespective of citizenship, and count people with visas for over 90 days and people with asylum.

The population in 2017 increased by 31,235 persons to reach 10,610,055, from 10,578,820 a year earlier. Most of the total increase of was due to migration, which had a positive balance of 28,273. The number of live births exceeded the number of deaths by 2,962.

Some 114,405 children were born in 2017, the highest number of live births since 2011. The number of live births increased by 1,742 on the year. Children of married women, at 58,314, outnumbered children born outside marriage, at 56,091, however, the share of live births outside marriage further increased to 49.0 percent. The total fertility rate was around 1.67 child per woman in 2017.

As in the previous four years, the population increased the most in the senior category. The population aged 65 and over exceeded 2 million in 2017, rising by 3 percent year-on-year. The mean age of the population increased from 42.0 to 42.2 years.

A total of 111,443 deaths occurred in 2017, some 3,693 more than a year earlier. It was also the most over the past 20 years. In January and February 2017, when an influenza epidemic spread widely in the Czech Republic, the number of deaths exceeded 12,000 and 10,000 in the month. The smallest number of death was registered in July when fewer than 8,400 people died.

The most deaths of men were aged 70–74, and women were most often aged 85–89. A total of 304 children died in their first year of life, by 13 fewer than in 2016. The infant mortality rate decreased year-on-year from 2.8 to 2.7 per thousand.

The inhabitants of the Czech Republic entered into 52,567 marriages, the highest level in the last 10 years. In 2016, there were 50,768 marriages. The highest number of marriages was in July, the lowest in January. The most common age of grooms was 30 and of brides 27.

A total of 25,755 marriages ended in divorce in 2017, some 759 more than in 2016. The divorce rate was the highest in the time of three to six years of marriage. The total divorce rate increased from 45 percent to 47 percent in the year-on-year comparison. The mean duration of divorced marriage was 13.2 years.

The total number of abortions in 2017 was 34,962, some 959 lower than in 2016. The number of induced abortions was 19,389 and accounted for 55 percent of all abortions. The highest number of abortions concerned women aged 32 years.

In 2017, a total of 45,957 persons immigrated from abroad to the Czech Republic, some 8.454 more than in 2016. Some 17,684 left the country. Net migration was the highest since 2010.

As far as the international migration is concerned, the Czech Republic's population grew most of all by nationals of Ukraine and Slovakia.

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