Immigration driving Czech population growth

Births were just a small fraction of the increase in the first nine months

The population of the Czech Republic increased by 27,739 to 10,637,794 persons in the first three quarters of 2018. The largest part of the increase, 26,060, was due to migration, according to preliminary figures from the Czech Statistical Office (ČSÚ).

Ukrainians accounted for the largest group of immigrants.

A total of 1,679 people were added due to more live births than deaths, though the number of live births dropped year on year.

Some 88,636 children were born alive during the first nine months of 2018, or 43 fewer than in the same period of 2017. Married women gave a birth to 44,630 children, and 42,006 were outside of wedlock.

The proportion of live births outside marriage was 48.5 percent, lightly lower year-on-year from 48.7 percent in the first three-quarters of 2017. The long-term increase in live births outside marriage seems to have stopped, according to the new data.

First-born children accounted for 48 percent of all live births, while second-born children were at 37 percent and children born third or higher were at 14 percent. The most common age to give birth was 30 years old.

According to preliminary data there were 84,957 deaths in the first nine months of 2018, an increase of 1,264 year on year. Approximately 43,000 of the deceased were men and 42,000 were women. The men were 72.6 years old on average and women were 79.7 years old at the time of death. A total of 220 children died during their first year of life, some 10 fewer year on year. The infant mortality rate decreased slightly year-on-year to 2.5 per thousand live births, from 2.7 per thousand in 2017.

A total of 47,793 marriages were entered into during the first three quarters of the year, some 1,455 more than in the same period of the previous year. Approximately 10,600 weddings took place in June and 10,400 in August. On the contrary, the lowest number, just around 800 took place in January. Three-quarters of grooms and brides married for the first time, one-quarter of grooms and brides entered into a higher-order marriage.

The most common age for grooms was 29 years old and for brides was 27 years old.
Czech courts issued 17,515 divorce decrees by the end of September 2018, some 996 fewer than in the same period of 2017.

Divorces without minors represented about 40 percent of all divorces, while divorces with minors accounted for 60 percent. The average age of a divorced man was 44.7 years old and 41.8 years old for a woman.

The international migration statistics for Jan. 1 to Sept. 30, 2018, show 43,059 immigrants and 16,999 emigrants. The net migration of 26,060 was 7,324 higher than in the same period of 2017. The numbers of both immigrants and emigrants increased year-on-year.

The growth of migrants was significantly caused by an increase in Ukrainians. The highest positive migration balance was registered by nationals of Ukraine, at approximately 8,900 in the first three quarters of 2018, which made up one-third of total net migration.

The second highest was the net migration of Slovak nationals, at approximately 3,900 followed by the Romanians at a net of 1,500 and Bulgarians at 1,400.

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