Migration boosts Czech population

The country reached 10.65 million in 2018, up by almost 40,000

The population of the Czech Republic increased by 39,745 to 10,649,800. Both migration and natural change contributed to the growth. There was a year-on-year stagnation of the number of births, and an increase in the number of deaths. The number of marriages was the highest in the last 11 years, and fewer babies were born out of wedlock, according to preliminary figures from the Czech Statistical Office (ČSÚ). The number of divorces also dropped.

The major part of the increase was caused by net migration, which amounted to 38,629 persons after the number of people arriving is compared to those leaving.

Net migration in 2018 and was the highest in the last 10 years. A record figure of 58,148 was registered for people immigrating to the Czech Republic from abroad; some 12,191 more immigrants than in the previous year. The number of those emigrating abroad from the Czech Republic was 19,519 thousand, or some 1,835 more than in 2017.

Ukrainians caused a half of the rise in the number of immigrants and emigrants, and they reached also the highest positive net migration, approximately 13,200. The second highest was the migration Slovak nationals at about 5,200, followed by Romanians at about 2,000 and Bulgarians at 1,900.

The balance of natural change, that is births compared to deaths, added another 1,116 inhabitants. The number of live births exceeded the number of deaths for the third year in a row; however this excess has been shrinking gradually.

The total number of children born alive during 2018 was 114,036, some 369 fewer than in 2017, but higher than in years 2011–16. There was the year-on-year rise in the number of live births to married women by 384 to 58,697. In contrast the number of live births outside marriage decreased by 753 to 55,338.

The share of live births outside marriage reached 48.5 percent in 2018, or 0.5 percentage points less than it was the year before. This decrease was registered for the first time since 1988 and it was mainly caused by lower share of the live births to unmarried women among first order births. The most children were born to women aged 30.

There was a total of 112,920 deaths in 2018, or some 1,477 more than in 2017. Slightly more men died than women. The highest year-on-year increase in death was among people aged 70–79, up by 6 percent, which was related to the higher number of people in this age category. A total of 292 children died during their first year of life. The infant mortality rate decreased slightly year-on-year from 2.7 per thousand to 2.6 per thousand.

A total of 54,470 marriages were entered into, or 1,903 more than in 2017. A higher number of marriages was registered in 2007 for the last time. The highest number of couples chose June, about 10,700 and August, about 10,600 for their wedding ceremony. It was the first marriage for both groom and bride for about 36,600 couples; in about 7,400 cases both parties were divorced before entering into the new marriage.

A year-on-year increase was recorded for marriages among both single and divorced people. For divorced couples the increase was more significant, 3 percent versus 5 percent. The most common age was 29 years for grooms and 27 years for brides.

The Czech courts issued 24,122 decisions about divorce in 2018, or some 1,633 lower than in 2017. Four-fifths of men and women divorced for the first time. A total of about 10,000 divorces legally ended marriage without minors, further approximately 14,100 divorced marriages were with minors. The average age of a divorced man was 44.8 years and 41.1 years of a divorced woman.

The number of registered abortions in 2018 was 2,423 fewer than in the previous year. The total amount was 32,589 and it consisted of 56 percent legally induced abortions and 40 percent spontaneous abortions. Another 4 percent of abortions related to the ending of ectopic pregnancies. The most legally induced abortions were performed to single women without children. Abortion to women aged 31 years was the most frequently registered.

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