Population rises in Prague and the Czech Republic

Statistics show immigration was more important than births

The population rose both in Prague and the Czech Republic, thanks to immigration and births. Prague's population rose by 13,059 to reach 1,280,508. Most of the increase was due to people moving to the capitol city from the regions. Natural growth, meaning the difference between births and deaths, accounted for about a quarter of the increase, according to the Czech Statistical Office (ČSÚ).

From Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 2016, some 36,901 people came to Prague, of those 14,000 came from abroad. During the same time some 26,630 people, including 6,000 Prague citizens, moved abroad from the city.

The natural increase in the Prague population last year rose by 2,788, There were 14,929 children born, while 12,141 people died. Some 6,415 couples got married while 2,715 were divorced.

Prague is the second most populous region in the country. Central Bohemia is in first place and at the end of last year had 1,338,000 residents. The Moravia-Silesia region and South Moravia also top 1 million people each.

The population throughout the Czech Republic last year rose by 24,977 to 10,578,820 people. The most striking increase was registered in Prague, while the Moravian-Silesian region saw the biggest drop.

In the year-on-year comparison, the number of live births at 112,663 increased and the number of deaths at 107,750 went down. The number of live births increased for the third year in a row and was the highest over the past six-years.

The main cause of population growth in the Czech Republic was a positive migration balance of 20,064. The number of deaths was 4,913 lower than the number of live births in 2016.

The number of children born to single women contributed greatly to this increase but for the first time since 2009, the number of children born to married mothers did not go down. The share of live births outside marriage was 48.6 percent. It was 47.8 percent a year before. According to the preliminary estimate the total fertility rate went above 1.6 children per woman in the Czech Republic in 2016.

According to preliminary data there were 107,750 deaths in 2016, some 3,423 fewer than a year before. The average age of death for men was 72.3 years and for women 79.2 years. However, the most frequent age at death was 85 years. A total of 317 children died during their first year of life; it was 2.8 per thousand live births.

A total of 37,503 people immigrated to the Czech Republic from abroad during 2016, some 2,581 more than in 2015. In opposite direction, a total of 17,439 people emigrated. The balance of net migration was positive in 2016 and amounted to 20,064. It was 4,087 higher than in 2015. The highest positive migration balance was registered with citizens of Slovakia at 5,300, Ukraine at 3,300 and Romania at 1,500.

After a seven-year period the number of marriages exceeded the 50,000 level when a total of 50,768 were entered into, some 2,577 more than in the previous year. The most frequent age of a groom was 30 and 28 for a bride.

The Czech courts issued 24,996 divorces in 2016; or 1,087 fewer than in 2015. In 58.9 percent of cases the divorces affected families with minors. The highest divorce rate was from three to six year after marriage. According to the preliminary estimates the total divorce rate slightly decreased to 45 percent in 2016 and the mean duration of marriage at divorce was 13.1 years.

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