Prague leads in wages and pensions

A breakdown of regional data also shows a trend toward suburbanization

The average gross wage in Prague was Kč 35,274 for full-time equivalent employees at the end of 2016. This was substantially higher than the Czech average of Kč 27,575. The lowest average gross wage was in Karlovy Vary, at Kč 23,572. Full data for 2017 was not available for all regions for comparison.

In all cases, men earned more than women. In Prague, men had an average wage of Kč 42,770 and women earned Kč 32,451.Median wages for both were lower.

There were also regional differences in pensions. The highest pensions were in Prague, where they were Kč 12,286, and the lowest in the Olomouc region where seniors received an average of Kč 11,119.

The number of people employed in the Czech Republic from 2011 to the end of 2017 increased in most regions, especially in Central Bohemia and South Moravia. A drop occurred only in the Karlovy Vary region, according to the Czech Statistical Office (ČSÚ).

The highest share of employees in the industry was in the Liberec region, where it was more than 40 percent, while in Prague it was just under 8 percent. In services, the largest share of employees was in regions with large centres, such as Prague and Brno.

The most completed flats were in Prague in 2017 with 5,846, Central Bohemia with 5,451 and South Moravia with 4,237. The fewest were in the Karlovy Vary region with just 375.

The population is growing mainly in towns around large cities. In more remote areas, their numbers are decreasing. The suburbanization process, which started in the mid-1990s, affects all regions.

The largest transfer of inhabitants from cities to surrounding villages is taking place in Prague and Brno, where residential satellite districts are within reach of the centre.

“In the 1970s and ’80s, people moved to the centres of urban regions. In the mid-1990s, this process turned and people began to move from the centre to the edges. Most people moved between the capital and the Central Bohemian region, which is also related to the process of suburbanization. In 2016, 14,100 people moved from Prague to Central Bohemia, while 8,200 people changed their permanent residence in the opposite direction,” ČSÚ Vice President Eva Krumpová said in a press release.

Changes in the population of some regions also were significantly impacted by migration from abroad. This is especially the case in Prague and the Plzeň region.

The prevalence of births over deaths in recent years has been reported by Prague and the regions of Central Bohemia, Liberec and South Moravia. The opposite situation, more deaths than births, occurs in in the Moravia-Silesia, Zlín, Karlovy Vary and Ústí nad Labem regions.

“Within all regions, women are postponing maternity. While in 1991, the first child was the most common at age 20, in 2016, most mothers were 30 years of age. All regions also record an increasing number of children born out of wedlock. This is mainly the case in the Karlovy Vary and Ústí nad Labem regions,” Jan Honner of the ČSÚ communications department said.

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